- Second Exam - 2013
Place the letter of the choice that best answers the question on the line to the left.
Two Points Each. NOTE: “e” answers are never the correct answer.
_______ 1. Mitochondrial DNA is often used in research because it
a. Has a prokaryote structure b. Is passed down only maternal lineages
c. Uses a different RNA d. Does not recombine each generation
e. Has never tried to unionize
_______ 2. A great many unrelated species have a wormlike form, great for
burrowing. This is an example of
a. Divergent evolution b. Convergent evolution
c. De-evolution d. Form matching
e. The general ickiness of Nature
_______ 3. Which is true of the null hypothesis?
a. It is always being tested
b. It could be true in every case
c. If results favor it, the test can be redone
d. All of these
e. It’s just as dull as it is null
_______ 4. If this word is used, someone is criticizing a taxonomic scheme:
a. Polyphyletic b. Paraphyletic
c. Quasiphyletic d. Monophyletic
e. I got yer phyletic phyletic right here…!
_______ 5. Much of the storage and processing of RNA happens in
a. Special cells b. Nuclear envelope
c. Nucleolus d. Ribosome
e. Room in the back where nobody’s allowed
_______ 6. In experiments, an artifact is
a. The established way of doing a procedure
b. How someone else would interpret your results
c. What is already known about the variable
d. A result produced by some part of the experimental process
e. Something we can say about a painting to look smart
_______ 7. If a cell goes through apoptosis, it will
a. Start to move b. Share genes c. Die
d. Divide e. Change its cell phone carrier
_______ 8. The phrase ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny is about
a. Embryos and evolution b. Measuring the age of fossils
c. How science spreads ideas d. How modern species relate to fossil species
e. About words nobody uses (or understands) anymore
_______ 9. Assuming you can measure past processes by using present rates is
a. Historicism b. Conservatism
c. Rate-leveling d. Uniformitarianism
e. Just laziness at its worst
_______ 10. An experiment should be repeated many times or use many subjects
a. To reduce the impact of chance
b. To make it completely reproducible
c. To produce qualitative data
d. All of these
e. So the researchers don’t get lonely
_______ 11. A cell that produces a protein-based secretion would have to have
a. A nucleus b. Ribosomes c. Golgi bodies
d. All of these e. Some gross-sounding name
_______ 12. One of Darwin’s influences was Malthus’ essay on the effects of
a. Mutations b. Overpopulation
c. Hoe the environment changes over time d. Humans on Nature
e. Why the British Empire was the very bestest Empire of them all
_______ 13. Postmodernism can be used to address
a. Experimenter bias b. The best technology to use
c. Virus features d. Atomic particles
e. Is a post really that modern?
_______ 14. You are going to get the clearest focus from the microscope with the
a. Highest magnification b. Strongest imaging beam
c. Thickest lenses d. Best resolution
e. Best rating from Consumers Reports
_______ 15. What does MTOC stand for?
a. Molecular transfer orientation complex
b. Microtubule-organizing center
c. Malthusian-themed ontogeny creation
d. Monotaxonomic original convergency
e. It sounds like it should be running subways somewhere
_______ 16. The “best” way to decide that two groups are different species is if they
a. Can not produce offspring together
b. Only produce sterile offspring
c. Will not breed together in their natural environment
d. All of these are considered equally good ways
e. Never are friended with the other group
_______ 17. A double-blind trial requires hiding of information from which
group in particular for the “double” label?
a. Manufacturers of the materials
b. Patients taking the materials
c. Researchers that are running the tests
d. Statisticians that are analyzing the data from the tests
e. Whoever’s getting both eyes poked out
_______ 18. With dissecting microscopes, you see the surface of the specimen.
What type of microscope are the dissecting ‘scopes?
a. Reflective b. Refractive c. Mirror
d. Scanning e. Kind of alarming
Pick NINE questions to answer in the spaces provided.
NOTE: if you answer MORE than nine, only the first nine will be corrected.
Four Points each. Partial credit is possible.
Select and answer completely any four of the following questions.
Note: if you answer more than four, only the first four will be corrected.
Seven Points Each. Partial credit is possible.
Answer as many or as few as you
wish. You can't lose points on the rest of the exam by getting
these wrong. Partial credit is possible.
Why are most asexual reproducers very small? Three Points.
What group is classified using the Kingdom-type system, but isn=t actually included in the system? Three Points.
What is the extra Ablind@ in a triple-blind test? Three Points.
How is microscope resolution determined? Three Points.
Leeuwenhoek is considered a critical figure in the history of microscopes, but he didn’t work on microscopes. What did he work on? Three Points.
One type of microscope must have vacuum inside it. Why? Three Points.
Stains are good for making things visible, but they may also do what other useful thing? Three Points.
Bacteria do something that isn’t quite sexual reproduction, but it’s somewhat similar. What is it? Three Points.
The beginning of Darwin’s most famous book isn’t about evolution – what’s it about? Three Points.
What other types of “plasts” are there? Two Points Each.