SC 135 - First Exam Fall 2009Links connect to relevant parts of the online book.
On the line to the left, place the letter of the choice that best answers the question.
1. The typical pathway of energy in a food chain:
_______ a. Consumers, decomposers, producers b. Producers, decomposers, consumers c. Producers, consumers, decomposers
2. Which confounding factor would be most associated with postmodernism?
_______ a. Experimenter bias b. Statistical error c. Outside interference d. Null hypothesis
3. Fossils are generally used to compare
_______ a. Analogies b. Homologies c. Emergent properties d. Genera e. Stock portfolios
4. In modern science, peer review usually involves
_______ a. Research supervisors b. Journal editors c. Laboratory colleagues d. Fellow students e. Bad habits
5. Which relationship "chain" is correct?
_______ a. Tissues are in cells which are in organs b. Organs are in cells which are in tissues c. Organs are in tissues which are in cells
6. Which would be a direct observation?
_______ a. You see a cell through a microscope b. You hear a bird but can't see it c. You read about a bright light seen in the sky last night
7. Which term is applied as "your idea is wrong"?
_______ a. Negative proof b. Confounding factor c. Null hypothesis d. Anti-conclusion e. A slap upside the head
8. In a test of new drugs, all test groups get the same basic treatment in order to figure in the
_______ a. Double blind b. Treatment effect c. Patient effect d. Placebo effect e. Most ways to divert money
9. ATP is
_______ a. An energy-carrying molecule b. A light-capturing molecule c. A genetic coding molecule d. All of these
10. Two isotopes of the same element would have
_______ a. Different proton numbers but the same neutron numbers b. Different neutron numbers but the same proton numbers
11. Which experiment's main weakness is that its evidence is anecdotal?
_______ a. A young gorilla is taught sign language b. A drug test control group is totally untreated
12. If the terms of an experimental set-up are not clearly defined, the experiment will not have
_______ a. A control b. A variable c. Any evidence d. Reproducibility e. That proper coolness factor
Answer any eight of the following questions for 4 Points Each.
Answer any four of the following questions for Eight Points Each.
Answer as many as you are able. Wrong answers will not result in points being lost from the main exam. You can get partial credit on these answers.
For 2 Points each, what general types of organisms are often decomposers?
What was thought to be the confounding factor in Redi's first experimental set-up? Three Points.
Give one reason why intelligent design is not thought to be science. Three Points.
What is usually done with qualitative data in science? Three Points.
What did Haeckel do wrong? Three Points.
What other area has strongly adopted aspects of postmodernism? Three Points.
What was Linnaeus' field of study, other than classification? Three Points.
Give an example of convergence. Three Points.
What forms does nuclear radiation take? Two Points each.