SCI 135 - First Exam Fall 2018


On the line to the left, place the letter of the choice that best answers the question.
Three Points Each. NOTE: "e" answers are never the correct answer.

        1. Decomposers recycle what for the producers?

_______    a. Nothing – only consumers can use recycled things.        b. Materials only.
                 c. Energy only.                                                              d. Materials and energy.

                                    e. Do they take plastic bags? I need to get rid of some…

        2. What is the biggest reason why a test should be done with as many subjects as possible?

_______    a. It’s more quantitative         b. It’s more qualitative         c. Reduces the impact of chance
                d. Reduces artifacts         e. Gives you more subjects to talk to during long testing days

        3. What’s the added level (above single blind) for a double-blind test?

_______    a. Administering doctors         b. Treatment manufacturers         c. Patients
                d. Statisticians                    e. Can they get this many service dogs?

        4. Chemistry is pretty much all a function of

_______    a. Protons         b. Electrons        c. Neutrons         d. Photons
                                e. Eeenyon, meenyon, mineyon, mo-on…

        5. After the suggestion that abortion availability led eventually to reduced crime rates,
                        folks opposed to the hypothesis were supporting what’s known as the

_______    a. Counter hypothesis         b. Negative variable        c. Null hypothesis
                 d. Opposite variable                       e. “Oh hell no!” proposal

        6. Postmodernism has to do with

_______    a. How up-to-date the equipment is
                b. What sort of bias a researcher may bring to the science

                c. What the next development after the current one is
                d. All of the above
                e. Eh, how modern can a post be?  It's a post!

        7. Radioactivity can change one element into another by changing the number of

_______    a. Gluons         b. Electrons         c. Neutrons        d. Protons         e. Twitter followers

        8. Respiration very often moves energy from _____ to _____.

_______    a. Oxygen…carbon dioxide         b. Glucose…ATP        c. Sunlight…glucose
                 d. Electrons…protons                e. Where it was…where it is now

        9. The “ticks” of the molecular clock used in evolution studies are

_______    a. Point mutations         b. Living generations        c. Radioactive half-lives
                d. Shared embryo structures         e. Do any clocks even go “tick” any more?

        10. A molecule is the smallest functional part of

_______    a. An atom         b. An element         c. A compound         d. A chemical         e. Something made of molecules

        11. Research done at universities most often hits peer review at what stage?

_______   a. Hypothesis development         b. Testing        c. Result gathering and analysis
                d. Publication                    e. Do the peers actually hit the researchers?

        12. Two species seem very different, but share a common ancestor group.  This is an example of

_______    a. Homologous patterning         b. Convergent evolyution        c. Analogous patterning
                d. Divergent evolution                        e. A basic lack of imagination


Answer any eight of the following questions for 4 Points Each.
Note: if you answer more than eight, only the first eight will be corrected.
You can get partial credit on these answers.

1. What are two different reasons why an experiment has to be done as a field test?


2. Give two different advantages that quantitative data has over qualitative data.


3. What are the two major first-level energy transformation processes used on Earth by our producers?


4. What exactly makes it wrong to say your experimental results prove your hypothesis?

5. What does “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny” mean?

6. What, technically, is a gene?

7. The current best approach for determining if a group is a separate species

8. Briefly explain how “sexual selection” works for asexual reproducers.

9.  Put the following groups in order from the largest to the smallest: Class, Family, Genus, Kingdom, Order, Phylum, Species, Subclass, Superfamily.
1 4 7
2 5 8
3 6 9

10. What makes a species colonial? (whether single-celled or not)

11. For most fossils, what happened to the original specimen very soon after its death?

12. Put in order these levels of organization within individual organisms, small to large: cells, organs, organ systems, tissues.


13. Two different general features of living things that viruses also have.


14. Two different general features of living things that viruses do NOT have.


15. Carbon dating is only useful for things up to about 50,000 years old. Why not for older things?

16. Pick one type of research model, and give one way that it’s not really like the real thing.


Answer any four of the following questions for Eight Points Each.
Note: if you answer more than four, only the first four will be corrected.
You can get partial credit on these answers.
1.  All for the most common isotope –




# 20

Column 2

How many


How many



ion form?

How many

electrons? (Radical / uncharged form)

2.    Give the following for asexual reproduction -





compared to sexual



compared to sexual


3.  Answer the following about classic Scientific Method:
Two features a good
hypothesis should have
Role served by the
experimental variable
Purpose of the
control test


4. Give two different rules that apply to each specifically in binomial nomenclature:

5.  Put these in order so that each later level contains the earlier ones:  Community, Ecosystems, Individuals, Populations.


6.  For four of the six basic Kingdoms of Life, give the name of the Kingdom and enough features to clearly set that Kingdom's members apart from those of the other five.





Link to Answer Key


Answer as many as you are able. Wrong answers will not result in points being lost from the main exam. You can get partial credit on these answers.

What are the main type of proteins in our protein-based chemistry? Three Points.

What major biological discovery was made at deep-sea hydrothermal vents? Three Points.

Why are there so few dinosaur fossils in New York State? Three Points.

What feature of HIV makes it more treatable than a typical virus? You don’t have to be too specific. Three Points.

Explain why the placebo effect is an artifact. Three Points.

If a test is criticized as anecdotal, what’s wrong with it? Three Points.

Who was Karl von Linne? Three Points.

What’s meant by a biological (not an atomic) half-life? Three Points.

When Mendeleev, the Russian kid, put the first Periodic Table together –
- What did the columns represent?

- What was it eventually found they also represent?


SCI 135 

Michael McDarby


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