SC 139 - First Exam 2008


Numbers are linked to relevant passages in the book.


On the line to the left, place the letter of the choice that best answers the question.
Three Points Each. NOTE: "e" answers are never the correct answer.

1.  Colonial describes

_______   a. Darwin's theory of movement to islands                         b. How genes and alleles interact
                c. The development of scientific method                            d. Unicellular organisms that act multicellular
                                                e. Those bloody Americans to a Londoner

2.  Specimens look the most three dimensional through

_______    a. A scanning microscope                     b. A transmission microscope                c. A light microscope
                d. An electron microscope                                    e. Those funny cardboard glasses

3.  Without Alfred Russel Wallace, the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection might never have been

_______    a. Developed             b. Translated into Danish            c. Applied to animals             d. Published
                                                        e. Annoying students all over the world

4.  The central process of the scientific method is

_______    a. Theories                 b. Controlled experiments                c. Perfect logic                 d. Broad agreement
                                                        e. Wearing lab coats and pocket protectors

5.  In the phrase ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny, the first word means

_______    a. Family history             b. Evolutionary background            c. Embryo development             d. A replay
                                                                e. That you can use your togeny to put stuff on

6.  Advantageous features are a critical element in

_______    a. Deciding how to classify organisms                            b. The changes associated with natural selection
                c. Tracking cells in a multicelled system                          d. Designing a workable experiment
                                                e. They just make this stuff up, really

7.  Which would have a nucleus in each cell?

_______    a. Prokaryotes only                 b. Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes                c. Eukaryotes only
                d. Neither prokaryotes nor eukaryotes                                e. Are those even real words?


8.  The power of a control test is how it

_______    a. Repeats the experiment                 b. Provides a comparison                c. Gives better measurements
                d. Works with living things                                e. Gives, um, you know, control


9.  Cells seem to have size limitations because, in general, ______ increases much faster than _______ as cells get larger

_______    a. Volume...surface area                 b. Metabolism...movement                c. Surface area...volume
                d. Movement...metabolism                                        e. Spending...income

10.  By the most recent method, which would be used to determine a species?

_______    a. Breeding offspring of crosses to see if they're sterile          b. Comparing the earliest embryos
                c. Checking fine details on anatomy                                     d. Observing reproductive behavior out in the natural environment
                                                                        e. Checking the Wikipedia entry

11.  Traits that link together butterflies, bats, and airplanes are based upon

_______    a. Taxonomy                 b. Analogy                c. Ideology                 d. Homology                e. Splattiness

12.  One of Darwin's main inspirations for his ideas came from

_______    a. Pigeon breeding                 b. Genetic studies                c. Dinosaur fossils                 d. Embryo studies
                                                    e. His obsession with Victorian snack crackers



Answer any eight of the following questions for 4 Points Each.
Note: if you answer more than eight, only the first eight will be corrected.
You can get partial credit on these answers.

1.  Darwin found that two features of islands seemed closely connected to how different the island life was from the mainland. What were those two features?


2.  What is meant by the "resolution limit" for a microscope?



3.  When a biologist believes that a group needs to be classified differently,
What can
they easily
What are
they NOT
allowed to do?

4.  Briefly explain why it may be absolutely necessary to use a uniformitarian approach when you're trying to figure something out.


5.  What material / molecule, found in chromosomes, carries genetic information?



6.  Briefly explain what peer review is.



7.  The investigation of fossils almost immediately led to a concept that was, at the time, considered completely contrary to the Bible, although it isn't today at all. What was the concept?



8.  Briefly explain how PostModernism is applied to science.



9.  The two most common forms of microscope differ in their imaging beams - what are the two different beam types?


10.  Put these taxonomic groups in the proper order from largest to smallest: Class, Family, Genus, Kingdom, Order, Phylum, Species, Superorder.
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
11.  Why is it often necessary to section a specimen?


12.  How do ancestral "splits" in family trees happen in -




13.  Either define or give an example of convergent evolution.




Answer any four of the following questions for Eight Points Each.
Note: if you answer more than four, only the first four will be corrected.
You can get partial credit on these answers.

1.  Fill in:

Binomial nomenclature is the
term given to rules about naming ______________.
What are three
of those


2.  According to Malthus, what are three different ways

          that Nature prevents overpopulation?


3.  What are the four statements of the Cell Theory?








4.  Lamarck left behind two different ideas that were wrong, but which had a lot of influence. Briefly explain (don't just give the "title"!) how each concept is supposed to work.




5.   Give a simple progression, according to Darwin's Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection, from the beginning to the end here - (You can answer the question correctly and not have the same number of steps as the number of lines here).
The environment around a population changes.












The population can now be considered a new species.

5.  For four of the six basic Kingdoms of Life, give the name of the Kingdom and enough features to clearly set that Kingdom's members apart from those of the other five.








6.  What are four different starting conditions that are likely to get a dead organism fossilized?







Link to Answer Key


Answer as many as you are able.
Wrong answers will not result in points being lost from the main exam.
You can get partial credit on these answers.

There were originally three labeled Kingdoms in Nature. For Two Points Each, what were they?

Linnaeus, the classification guy, also studied what other biological subject? Three Points.

What is a placebo? Three Points.

Why were Hooke's cells not cells? Three Points.

Leewenhoek, considered one of the fathers of microscopes - what was his contribution to the technology? Three Points.

What is it about specimens that make it necessary to stain them? Three Points.

Briefly describe the two iguana species that Darwin found on the Galapagos Islands. Three Points Each.

What was the name of Darwin's ship? Three Points.




Michael McDarby.


Hit Counter